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Assignment 4: Management Accounting Case: Cayuga Cookies, Inc.


The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:




Determine how capital budgeting is used in long-term financial decisions.





Apply management accounting concepts to identify and process relevant financial

information for decision-making purposes.






Use technology and information resources to research issues in financial reporting and







Write clearly and concisely about financial reporting and analysis using proper writing





Sophie Morgan, President of Cayuga Cookies, Inc. (CCI), was trying to decide whether to expand


the company by adding a new product line. The proposal seemed likely to be profitable and


adequate funds to finance it could be obtained from outside investors.


CCI had long been regarded as a well-managed company. It had succeeded in keeping its


present product lines up to date and had maintained a small but profitable position in a highly


competitive industry.


The amount of capital presently employed by the company was approximately $4,000,000, and


was expected to remain at this level whether the proposal for the new product line was accepted


or rejected. Net income from existing operations amounted to about $400,000 a year, and


Morgan’s best forecast was that this would continue to be the income from present operations.


Introduction of the new product line would require an immediate investment of $400,000 in


equipment and $250,000 in additional working capital. A further $100,000 in working capital


would be required a year later.


Sales of the new product line would be relatively low during the first year, but would increase


steadily until the sixth year. After that, changing tastes and increased competition would probably


begin to reduce annual sales. After eight years, the product line would probably be withdrawn


from the market. At that time, the company would dispose of the equipment and liquidate the


working capital. The cash value of steps to close the product line at that time would be about




The low initial sales volume, combined with heavy promotional outlays, would lead to heavy


losses in the first two years, and no net income would be reported until the fourth year. The profit


forecasts for the new product line are summarized in Exhibit 1.


Morgan was concerned about the effect this project would have on CCI’s overall reported


profitability over the next three years. On the other hand, “eyeballing” the figures in Exhibit 1 led


Morgan to guess that if the proposal were analyzed using after-tax cash flows discounted at 10


percent, it might well show a positive net present value, and hence could be a worthwhile


investment opportunity.




JWI 530: Financial Management I


Academic Submissions and Evaluations


©2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary


information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written


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JWMI 530 – Spring 2014


Exhibit 1


Income Forecast for New Product Line


Year Forecasted




Cash Flow














Expense on


















Before Tax


(3) = (1 + 2)


Income Tax






at 40%








Net Income


After Tax






(5) = (3 + 4)


1 (350,000) (50,000) (400,000) 160,000 (240,000)


2 (100,000) (50,000) (150,000) 60,000 (90,000)


3 0 (50,000) (50,000) 20,000 (30,000)


4 200,000 (50,000) 150,000 (60,000) 90,000


5 500,000 (50,000) 450,000 (180,000) 270,000


6 1,000,000 (50,000) 950,000 (380,000) 570,000


7 900,000 (50,000) 850,000 (340,000) 510,000


8 650,000 (50,000) 650,000 (240,000) 360,000




1. In this column, numbers in parentheses indicate cash outflow.


2. In this column, numbers in parentheses indicate an expense (i.e., something that reduces


profits). For the purpose of this analysis, we may use these depreciation figures for the


determination of both Net Income and Income Tax that will be paid to the government.


3. When forecasted incremental income before taxes is negative, the firm is entitled to a tax


rebate at 40%, either from taxes paid in previous years or from taxes currently due on


other company operations. Therefore, in this column, numbers in parentheses indicate


taxes paid to the government and numbers not in parentheses indicates tax rebates


received from the government.


4. In this column, numbers in parentheses indicate a net loss produced by the new product


line and numbers not in parentheses indicate a net profit made by this new product line.




1. Calculate the nominal and discounted payback periods for this proposed project.


2. Calculate the net present value and internal rate of return of the proposed project.


3. Referring to your analysis in parts (1) and (2), what is your recommendation regarding


the proposed project under the following three scenarios (note: comment on any


similarities or differences in your recommendations across these three scenarios):


a. If CCI was a private company, owned entirety by Sophie Morgan?


b. If CCI was a publicly owned company, with shares owned by a large number of


small investors, and Morgan purely a salaried administrator?


c. If CCI was a wholly owned subsidiary of a much larger company and Morgan


expected to be a candidate to succeed one of the parent company’s top


executives who will retire from the company in about two years from now?