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Assignment 4: Management Accounting Case: Cayuga Cookies, Inc.

 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

 

 

 

Determine how capital budgeting is used in long-term financial decisions.

 

 

 

 

Apply management accounting concepts to identify and process relevant financial

information for decision-making purposes.

 

 

 

 

 

Use technology and information resources to research issues in financial reporting and

analysis.

 

 

 

 

 

Write clearly and concisely about financial reporting and analysis using proper writing

mechanics.

 

Assignment:

 

Sophie Morgan, President of Cayuga Cookies, Inc. (CCI), was trying to decide whether to expand

 

the company by adding a new product line. The proposal seemed likely to be profitable and

 

adequate funds to finance it could be obtained from outside investors.

 

CCI had long been regarded as a well-managed company. It had succeeded in keeping its

 

present product lines up to date and had maintained a small but profitable position in a highly

 

competitive industry.

 

The amount of capital presently employed by the company was approximately $4,000,000, and

 

was expected to remain at this level whether the proposal for the new product line was accepted

 

or rejected. Net income from existing operations amounted to about $400,000 a year, and

 

Morgan’s best forecast was that this would continue to be the income from present operations.

 

Introduction of the new product line would require an immediate investment of $400,000 in

 

equipment and $250,000 in additional working capital. A further $100,000 in working capital

 

would be required a year later.

 

Sales of the new product line would be relatively low during the first year, but would increase

 

steadily until the sixth year. After that, changing tastes and increased competition would probably

 

begin to reduce annual sales. After eight years, the product line would probably be withdrawn

 

from the market. At that time, the company would dispose of the equipment and liquidate the

 

working capital. The cash value of steps to close the product line at that time would be about

 

$350,000.

 

The low initial sales volume, combined with heavy promotional outlays, would lead to heavy

 

losses in the first two years, and no net income would be reported until the fourth year. The profit

 

forecasts for the new product line are summarized in Exhibit 1.

 

Morgan was concerned about the effect this project would have on CCI’s overall reported

 

profitability over the next three years. On the other hand, “eyeballing” the figures in Exhibit 1 led

 

Morgan to guess that if the proposal were analyzed using after-tax cash flows discounted at 10

 

percent, it might well show a positive net present value, and hence could be a worthwhile

 

investment opportunity.

 

 

 

JWI 530: Financial Management I

 

Academic Submissions and Evaluations

 

©2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary

 

information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written

 

permission of Strayer University.

 

JWMI 530 – Spring 2014

 

Exhibit 1

 

Income Forecast for New Product Line

 

Year Forecasted

 

Incremental

 

Cash Flow

 

from

 

Operations

 

 

1

 

 

(1)

 

Depreciation

 

Expense on

 

New

 

Equipment

 

 

2

 

 

(2)

 

Forecasted

 

Incremental

 

Income

 

Before Tax

 

(3) = (1 + 2)

 

Income Tax

 

 

3

 

 

at 40%

 

(4)

 

Forecasted

 

Incremental

 

Net Income

 

After Tax

 

 

4

 

 

(5) = (3 + 4)

 

1 (350,000) (50,000) (400,000) 160,000 (240,000)

 

2 (100,000) (50,000) (150,000) 60,000 (90,000)

 

3 0 (50,000) (50,000) 20,000 (30,000)

 

4 200,000 (50,000) 150,000 (60,000) 90,000

 

5 500,000 (50,000) 450,000 (180,000) 270,000

 

6 1,000,000 (50,000) 950,000 (380,000) 570,000

 

7 900,000 (50,000) 850,000 (340,000) 510,000

 

8 650,000 (50,000) 650,000 (240,000) 360,000

 

Notes:

 

1. In this column, numbers in parentheses indicate cash outflow.

 

2. In this column, numbers in parentheses indicate an expense (i.e., something that reduces

 

profits). For the purpose of this analysis, we may use these depreciation figures for the

 

determination of both Net Income and Income Tax that will be paid to the government.

 

3. When forecasted incremental income before taxes is negative, the firm is entitled to a tax

 

rebate at 40%, either from taxes paid in previous years or from taxes currently due on

 

other company operations. Therefore, in this column, numbers in parentheses indicate

 

taxes paid to the government and numbers not in parentheses indicates tax rebates

 

received from the government.

 

4. In this column, numbers in parentheses indicate a net loss produced by the new product

 

line and numbers not in parentheses indicate a net profit made by this new product line.

 

Required:

 

1. Calculate the nominal and discounted payback periods for this proposed project.

 

2. Calculate the net present value and internal rate of return of the proposed project.

 

3. Referring to your analysis in parts (1) and (2), what is your recommendation regarding

 

the proposed project under the following three scenarios (note: comment on any

 

similarities or differences in your recommendations across these three scenarios):

 

a. If CCI was a private company, owned entirety by Sophie Morgan?

 

b. If CCI was a publicly owned company, with shares owned by a large number of

 

small investors, and Morgan purely a salaried administrator?

 

c. If CCI was a wholly owned subsidiary of a much larger company and Morgan

 

expected to be a candidate to succeed one of the parent company’s top

 

executives who will retire from the company in about two years from now?