Fin 534 ch 1 to 4 quiz

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Fin 534 Chapter 1 :

 

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. One of the disadvantages of a sole proprietorship is that the proprietor is exposed to unlimited liability.

b. It is generally easier to transfer one’s ownership interest in a partnership than in a corporation.

c. One of the advantages of the corporate form of organization is that it avoids double taxation.

d. One of the advantages of a corporation from a social standpoint is that every stockholder has equal voting rights, i.e., “one person, one vote.”

e. Corporations of all types are subject to the corporate income tax.

 

 

2. Which of the following would be most likely to lead to higher interest rates on all debt securities in the economy?

 

a. Households start saving a larger percentage of their income.

b. The economy moves from a boom to a recession.

c. The level of inflation begins to decline.

d. Corporations step up their expansion plans and thus increase their demand for capital.

e. The Federal Reserve uses monetary policy in an attempt to stimulate the economy.

 

 

3. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. If General Electric were to issue new stock this year it would be considered a secondary market transaction since the company already has stock outstanding.

b. Capital market transactions only include preferred stock and common stock transactions.

c. The distinguishing feature between spot markets versus futures markets transactions is the maturity of the investments. That is, spot market transactions involve securities that have maturities of less than one year, whereas futures markets transactions involve securities with maturities greater than one year.

d. Both Nasdaq “dealers” and NYSE “specialists” hold inventories of stocks.

e. An electronic communications network (ECN) is a physical location exchange.

 

 

4. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. A good goal for a firm’s management is maximization of expected EPS.

b. Most business in the U.S. is conducted by corporations, and corporations’ popularity results primarily from their favorable tax treatment.

c. Because most stock ownership is concentrated in the hands of a relatively small segment of society, firms’ actions to maximize their stock prices have little benefit to society.

d. Corporations and partnerships have an advantage over proprietorships because a sole proprietor is exposed to unlimited liability, but the liability of all investors in the other types of businesses is more limited.

e. The potential exists for agency conflicts between stockholders and managers.

 

   

5. Which of the following statements is NOT CORRECT?

 

a. When a corporation’s shares are owned by a few individuals and are not traded on public markets, we say that the firm is “closely, or privately, held.”

b. “Going public” establishes a firm’s true intrinsic value, and it also insures that a highly liquid market will always exist for the firm’s shares.

c. When stock in a closely held corporation is offered to the public for the first time, the transaction is called “going public,” and the market for such stock is called the new issue market.

d. Publicly owned companies have shares owned by investors who are not associated with management, and public companies must register with and report to a regulatory agency such as the SEC.

e. It is possible for a firm to go public and yet not raise any additional new capital at the time.

 

FIN 534 CH 2 :

 

Questions :

 

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. Typically, a firm’s DPS should exceed its EPS.

b. Typically, a firm’s EBIT should exceed its EBITDA.

c. If a firm is more profitable than average (e.g., Google), we would normally expect to see its stock price exceed its book value per share.

d. If a firm is more profitable than most other firms, we would normally expect to see its book value per share exceed its stock price, especially after several years of high inflation.

e. The more depreciation a firm has in a given year, the higher its EPS, other things held constant.

 

 

2. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. The statement of cash flows reflects cash flows from operations, but it does not reflect the effects of buying or selling fixed assets.

b. The statement of cash flows shows where the firm’s cash is located; indeed, it provides a listing of all banks and brokerage houses where cash is on deposit.

c. The statement of cash flows reflects cash flows from continuing operations, but it does not reflect the effects of changes in working capital.

d. The statement of cash flows reflects cash flows from operations and from borrowings, but it does not reflect cash obtained by selling new common stock.

e. The statement of cash flows shows how much the firm’s cash–the total of currency, bank deposits, and short-term liquid securities (or cash equivalents)–increased or decreased during a given year.

 

 

3. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. Dividends paid reduce the net income that is reported on a company’s income statement.

b. If a company uses some of its bank deposits to buy short-term, highly liquid marketable securities, this will cause a decline in its current assets as shown on the balance sheet.

c. If a company issues new long-term bonds during the current year, this will increase its reported current liabilities at the end of the year.

d. Accounts receivable are reported as a current liability on the balance sheet.

e. If a company pays more in dividends than it generates in net income, its retained. earnings as reported on the balance sheet will decline from the previous year’s balance.

 

 

4. Last year Roussakis Company’s operations provided a negative net cash flow, yet the cash shown on its balance sheet increased. Which of the following statements could explain the increase in cash, assuming the company’s financial statements were prepared under generally accepted accounting principles?

 

a. The company repurchased some of its common stock.

b. The company dramatically increased its capital expenditures.

c. The company retired a large amount of its long-term debt.

d. The company sold some of its fixed assets.

e. The company had high depreciation expenses.

 

 5. Bartling Energy Systems recently reported $9,250 of sales, $5,750 of operating costs other than depreciation, and $700 of depreciation. The company had no amortization charges, it had $3,200 of outstanding bonds that carry a 5% interest rate, and its federal-plus-state income tax rate was 35%. In order to sustain its operations and thus generate sales and cash flows in the future, the firm was required to make $1,250 of capital expenditures on new fixed assets and to invest $300 in net operating working capital. By how much did the firm’s net income exceed its free cash flow?

 

a. $673.27

b. $708.70

c. $746.00

d. $783.30

e. $822.47

 

FIN 534 CH 3 :

 

Questions :

 

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. The ratio of long-term debt to total capital is more likely to experience seasonal fluctuations than is either the DSO or the inventory turnover ratio.

b. If two firms have the same ROA, the firm with the most debt can be expected to have the lower ROE.

c. An increase in the DSO, other things held constant, could be expected to increase the total assets turnover ratio.

d. An increase in the DSO, other things held constant, could be expected to increase the ROE.

e. An increase in a firm’s debt ratio, with no changes in its sales or operating costs, could be expected to lower the profit margin.

 

2. Companies HD and LD have the same tax rate, sales, total assets, and basic earning power. Both companies have positive net incomes. Company HD has a higher debt ratio and, therefore, a higher interest expense. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. Company HD has a lower equity multiplier.

b. Company HD has more net income.

c. Company HD pays more in taxes.

d. Company HD has a lower ROE.

e. Company HD has a lower times interest earned (TIE) ratio.

 

3. Companies HD and LD have the same total assets, sales, operating costs, and tax rates, and they pay the same interest rate on their debt. However, company HD has a higher debt ratio. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

 

a. Given this information, LD must have the higher ROE.

b. Company LD has a higher basic earning power ratio (BEP).

c. Company HD has a higher basic earning power ratio (BEP).

d. If the interest rate the companies pay on their debt is more than their basic earning power (BEP), then Company HD will have the higher ROE.

e. If the interest rate the companies pay on their debt is less than their basic earning power (BEP), then Company HD will have the higher ROE.

 

4. Muscarella Inc. has the following balance sheet and income statement data:

 

Cash $ 14,000 Accounts payable $ 42,000

Receivables 70,000 Other current liabilities 28,000

Inventories 210,000 Total CL $ 70,000

Total CA $294,000 Long-term debt 70,000

Net fixed assets 126,000 Common equity 280,000

Total assets $420,000 Total liab. and equity $420,000

Sales $280,000

Net income $ 21,000

 

 

The new CFO thinks that inventories are excessive and could be lowered sufficiently to cause the current ratio to equal the industry average, 2.70, without affecting either sales or net income. Assuming that inventories are sold off and not replaced to get the current ratio to the target level, and that the funds generated are used to buy back common stock at book value, by how much would the ROE change?

a. 4.28%

b. 4.50%

c. 4.73%

d. 4.96%

e. 5.21%

 

5. Quigley Inc. is considering two financial plans for the coming year. Management expects sales to be $301,770, operating costs to be $266,545, assets to be $200,000, and its tax rate to be 35%. Under Plan A it would use 25% debt and 75% common equity. The interest rate on the debt would be 8.8%, but the TIE ratio would have to be kept at 4.00 or more. Under Plan B the maximum debt that met the TIE constraint would be employed. Assuming that sales, operating costs, assets, the interest rate, and the tax rate would all remain constant, by how much would the ROE change in response to the change in the capital structure?

 

 

a. 3.83%

b. 4.02%

c. 4.22%

d. 4.43%

e. 4.65%

 

FIN 534 CH 4 QUIZ :

 

Questions :

 

1. A $50,000 loan is to be amortized over 7 years, with annual end-of-year payments. Which of these statements is CORRECT?

a. The annual payments would be larger if the interest rate were lower.

b. If the loan were amortized over 10 years rather than 7 years, and if the interest rate were the same in either case, the first payment would include more dollars of interest under the 7-year amortization plan.

c. The proportion of each payment that represents interest as opposed to repayment of principal would be lower if the interest rate were lower.

d. The last payment would have a higher proportion of interest than the first payment.

e. The proportion of interest versus principal repayment would be the same for each of the 7 payments.

 

 

2. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

a. If you have a series of cash flows, each of which is positive, you can solve for I, where the solution value of I causes the PV of the cash flows to equal the cash flow at Time 0.

b. If you have a series of cash flows, and CF0 is negative but each of the following CFs is positive, you can solve for I, but only if the sum of the undiscounted cash flows exceeds the cost.

c. To solve for I, one must identify the value of I that causes the PV of the positive CFs to equal the absolute value of the PV of the negative CFs. This is, essentially, a trial-and-error procedure that is easy with a computer or financial calculator but quite difficult otherwise.

d. If you solve for I and get a negative number, then you must have made a mistake.

e. If CF0 is positive and all the other CFs are negative, then you cannot solve for I.

 

3. Riverside Bank offers to lend you $50,000 at a nominal rate of 6.5%, compounded monthly. The loan (principal plus interest) must be repaid at the end of the year. Midwest Bank also offers to lend you the $50,000, but it will charge an annual rate of 7.0%, with no interest due until the end of the year. How much higher or lower is the effective annual rate charged by Midwest versus the rate charged by Riverside?

a. 0.52%

b. 0.44%

c. 0.36%

d. 0.30%

e. 0.24%

 

 

4. Steve and Ed are cousins who were both born on the same day, and both turned 25 today. Their grandfather began putting $2,500 per year into a trust fund for Steve on his 20th birthday, and he just made a 6th payment into the fund. The grandfather (or his estate’s trustee) will make 40 more $2,500 payments until a 46th and final payment is made on Steve’s 65th birthday. The grandfather set things up this way because he wants Steve to work, not be a “trust fund baby,” but he also wants to ensure that Steve is provided for in his old age.

Until now, the grandfather has been disappointed with Ed, hence has not given him anything. However, they recently reconciled, and the grandfather decided to make an equivalent provision for Ed. He will make the first payment to a trust for Ed today, and he has instructed his trustee to make 40 additional equal annual payments until Ed turns 65, when the 41st and final payment will be made. If both trusts earn an annual return of 8%, how much must the grandfather put into Ed’s trust today and each subsequent year to enable him to have the same retirement nest egg as Steve after the last payment is made on their 65th birthday?

a. $3,726 

b. $3,912

c. $4,107

d. $4,313

e. $4,528

 

5. John and Daphne are saving for their daughter Ellen’s college education. Ellen just turned 10 at (t = 0), and she will be entering college 8 years from now (at t = 8). College tuition and expenses at State U. are currently $14,500 a year, but they are expected to increase at a rate of 3.5% a year. Ellen should graduate in 4 years–if she takes longer or wants to go to graduate school, she will be on her own. Tuition and other costs will be due at the beginning of each school year (at t = 8, 9, 10, and 11).

So far, John and Daphne have accumulated $15,000 in their college savings account (at t = 0). Their long-run financial plan is to add an additional $5,000 in each of the next 4 years (at t = 1, 2, 3, and 4). Then they plan to make 3 equal annual contributions in each of the following years, t = 5, 6, and 7. They expect their investment account to earn 9%. How large must the annual payments at t = 5, 6, and 7 be to cover Ellen’s anticipated college costs?

a. $1,965.21

b. $2,068.64

c. $2,177.51

d. $2,292.12

e. $2,412.76