Palmerstown Company established a subsidiary in a foreign country on January 1, Year 1, by investing 8,000,000 pounds when the exchange rate was $1.00/pound. Palmerstown negotiated a bank loan of 4,000,000 pounds on January 5, Year 1, and purchased plant and equipment on the amount of 10,000,000 pounds January 8, Year 1. Plant and equipment is depreciated on straight-line basis over 10 year useful life. The first purchase of inventory in the amount of 1,000,000 pounds was made on January 10, Year 1. Additional inventory of 12,000,000 pounds was acquired at three points in time during the year at an average exchange rate of $0.86/pound. Inventory on hand at year-end was acquired when the exchange rate was $0.83/pound. The FIFO method used to determine cost of goods sold. Additional exchange rates for the pound during Year 1 are as follows:
January 1-31, Year 1
Average Year 1
December 31, Year 1
The foreign subsidiary’s income statement for Year 1 and balance sheet at December 31, Year1, are as follows:
For the Year Ended December 31, Year
Pounds (in thousands)
Cost of goods sold
Selling and administrative expenses
Income before tax
Retained earnings, 1/1/Y1
Retained earnings, 12/31/Y1
At December 31, Year1
Pounds (in thousands)
Less: Accumulated depreciation
Long term debt
Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity
As the controller forPalmerstown Company, you have evaluated the characteristics of the foreign subsidiary to determine that the pound is the subsidiary’s functional currency.
Use an electronic spreadsheet to translate the foreign subsidiary’s financial statements into U.S. dollars at December 31, Year 1, in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Insert a row in the spreadsheet after obtained earnings and before total liabilities and stockholders’ equity for the cumulative translation adjustment. Calculate the translation adjustment separately to verify the amount obtained as a balancing figure in the translation worksheet.
Use an electronic spreadsheet to remeasure the foreign subsidiary’s financial statements into U. S. dollars at December 31, Year1, assuming that the U. S. dollar is the subsidiary’s functional currency. Insert a row in the spreadsheet after depreciation expense and before income before taxes for the remeasurement gain (loss).
Prepare a report for CEO of Palmerstown Company summarizing the differences that will be reported in the Year 1 consolidated financial statement because the pound, rather than the U. S. dollar, is the foreign subsidiary’s functional currency. In your report, discuss the relationship between the current ratio, the debt to equity ratio, and profit margin calculated from the foreign currency financial statements and from the translated U. S. dollar financial statements. Also, include a discussion of the meaning of the translated U. S. dollar for inventory and fixed assets.